Language Texts: Introduction
Time 30 mins

Difficulty Beginner
Prerequisites Constructing Texts
Departments English
Authors Vince Leung
Jon Rees
Groupings Individual
Minimum Year Group None


In this unit, you will be introduced to some of the main language-based texts which we create in English. These include Letters; News articles; Feature Articles; Opinion-editorials; Reports; Speeches; Advertisements; Essays. We will also discuss the difference between formal and informal language use, and when to choose which is appropriate for your purpose/audience.


This work is shared under the following license: Creative Commons BY-SA-NC


What is needed to run this unit?
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Cross-Curricular Links
Do not try and force this. What areas of other subjects might this reflect and/discuss language. For IB, links with ToK.
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Teacher Reflection
What was successful? What needs changing? Alternative Assessments and Lesson Ideas? What other Differentiation Ideas/Plans could be used?
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Any CC attribution, thanks, credit, etc.
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  • Informal/Formal Letters; News article; Opinion-editorial; Reports; Speech; Advert
  • How to Write a Good Essay: Use 

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5 mins
Language-based texts
Intro to non-fiction text types, audience, purpose

Reading and writing non-fiction texts is such an important skill to help us to construct knowledge of the world around us. We need to be able to choose the right TEXT TYPE to communicate with our PURPOSE (inform, explain, describe; persuade, argue, advise; explore, imagine, entertain) to the chosen AUDIENCE (our reader). 

There are a wide range of different text types we use in our everyday lives. Here are some of the most popular:

  • Letters
  • News articles
  • Feature article
  • Opinion-editorials
  • Reports
  • Advertisements
  • Essays
  • Instruction manuals
  • Travel writing
  • Film reviews
  • Tourist brochures

We not only need to be able to read and write well, but we need to be able to speak and listen well. Examples of texts which are spoken. 

  • Speeches
  • Debate
  • Presentations
25 mins
Evidence for this unit
Communication type

Read the three following pieces. Can you identify which type of communication bracket it fits into? (inform, explain, describe; persuade, argue, advise; explore, imagine, entertain). Add to your Google doc. notes. 

1. What is Climate Change?

2. Michelle Obama Stresses the Importance of Women's Rights

3. "Nationalism cannot cure Hong Kong’s ills"- article by Angela Hui, 18-yrs-old for Young Post @ South China Morning Post

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Unit Students

Shared on 26/04/2022
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